Sunday, November 28, 2010

COMPARISONS OF ADJECTIVE

As you know adjectives are used to describe the nouns and here I wish to show you that they are also used to compare two or more different objects while describing them. Here are two rules for use in such comparison:
1. Positive, Comparative & Superlative
The Positive is used when speaking of or describing an object, eg. short, big.
The Comparative is used when comparing two objects and is formed by adding “-er” to the Positive, e.g. shorter, bigger.
The Superlative is used when speaking of more than two objects and is formed by adding “-est” to the Positive e.g. shortest, biggest.

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
bigbiggerbiggest
farfartherfarthest
fastfasterfastest
gaygayergayest
greatgreatergreatest
highhigherhighest
latelaterlatest
longlongerlongest
oldolderoldest
smallsmallersmallest
smartsmartersmartest
talltallertallest
thinthinnerthinnest

The following are exceptions to the rule which you will have to learn by heart.    
PositiveComparativeSuperlative
badworseworst
goodbetterbest
littlelessleast
manymoremost
muchmoremost

Examples:
  • Peter is shorter than his brother by almost a head.
  • He is the least surprised over the news compared to the others.
  • I am older than you by 5 years.
  • Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
2. Using “More” & “Most” for adjectives with two or more syllables
Generally for adjectives of two or more syllables “more” is used comparatively, and “most” is used superlatively, e.g. careful, more careful, most careful.
PositiveComparativeSuperlative
beautifulmore beautifulmost beautiful
brilliantmore brilliantmost brilliant
cautiousmore cautiousmost cautious
comfortablemore comfortablemost comfortable
generousmore generousmost generous
graciousmore graciousmost gracious
handsomemore handsomemost handsome
ignorantmore ignorantmost ignorant

Examples:
  • This sofa is the most comfortable among all displayed in the showroom.
  • Sally is more beautiful now compared to herself before the makeover.
  • Kelly is the most brilliant kid in the whole classroom.
  • Uncle Sam is the most generous among the members of this big family.

0 comments:

Post a Comment

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

ShareThis

Automatic Notification

Enter your email address to receive new updates :

Please check your 'JunkMail' or 'Spam' if you do not receive the confirmation email in your Inbox